Container ship capacity is measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). Typical loads are a mix of 20-foot and 40-foot (2-TEU) ISO-standard containers, with the latter predominant.
Today, about 90% of non-bulk cargo worldwide is transported by container, and modern container ships can carry over 19,000 TEU (e.g., MSC Zoe). Container ships now rival crude oil tankers and bulk carriers as the largest commercial vessels on the ocean.
There are two main types of dry cargo: bulk cargo and break bulk cargo. Bulk cargoes, like grain or coal, are transported unpackaged in the hull of the ship, generally in large volume. Break-bulk cargoes, on the other hand, are transported in packages, and are generally manufactured goods. Before the advent of containerization in the 1950s, break-bulk items were loaded, lashed, unlashed and unloaded from the ship one piece at a time. However, by grouping cargo into containers, 1,000 to 3,000 cubic feet (28 to 85m3) of cargo, or up to about 64,000 pounds (29,000kg), is moved at once and each container is secured to the ship once in a standardized way. Containerization has increased the efficiency of moving traditional break-bulk cargoes significantly, reducing shipping time by 84% and costs by 35%. In 2001, more than 90% of world trade in non-bulk goods was transported in ISO containers. In 2009, almost one quarter of the world's dry cargo was shipped by container, an estimated 125 million TEU or 1.19 billion metric tons worth of cargo.
In UML, containment is depicted with a multiplicity of 1 or 0..n (depending on the issue of ownership), indicating that the data type is composed of an unknown number of instances of the composited data type.
In OOP supported languages, containership means an object is created within another object.
According to the most recent report for the Kiel Indicator, “there are currently more than 20 percent fewer containerships on the move than would be expected under normal circumstances.” They were looking at traffic on the Red Sea saying it is the most important trade route between Europe and Asia.
Container shipping lines are continuing to expand their fleet of smaller ships ... The orderbook for containerships in the 8,000TEU range is approaching 100 vessels ... “This is part of our ongoing efforts to optimize and renew our assets for greater operational efficiency ... ....
Matson Navigation is moving forward with a plan to retrofit one of its large containerships for LNG-fueled operations making it one of the first shipping companies to pursue the conversion of their existing ships ... Inouye was the largest containership ever built in the United States.
Under the SeaShuttle project, the partnership, originally announced at this year’s Nor-Shipping in April, will be building and operating two new boxships, each powered by a 3.2MW hydrogen fuel cell ... A diesel-electric propulsion plant will be on board as backup, although Are Gråthen, CEO of Samskip Norway, emphasised.
A project to develop hydrogen-powered, remotely controlled, and autonomous-ready containerships is moving forward with a funding grant from Norway... Called SeaShuttle, the project calls for two vessels that would operate between Norway’s Oslofjord and Rotterdam in the Netherlands each with a capacity of 500TEU.
Evergreen took delivery today on its newest containership, Ever Alot, which its Chinese builders are highlighting as both the world’s largest containership and their first 24,000TEU construction ...Work began last week on two 24,000 TEU containerships being build in China for MSC (Hudong-Zhonghua)??????? ....
French maritime authorities assisted by the French Navy responded to reports of a fire and explosion aboard an MSC containership sailing in the Mediterranean. They coordinated a medical evacuation from the containership of three crewmembers, including two who are reported to be in serious condition.