Container ship capacity is measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). Typical loads are a mix of 20-foot and 40-foot (2-TEU) ISO-standard containers, with the latter predominant.
Today, about 90% of non-bulk cargo worldwide is transported by container, and modern container ships can carry over 19,000 TEU (e.g., MSC Zoe). Container ships now rival crude oil tankers and bulk carriers as the largest commercial vessels on the ocean.
There are two main types of dry cargo: bulk cargo and break bulk cargo. Bulk cargoes, like grain or coal, are transported unpackaged in the hull of the ship, generally in large volume. Break-bulk cargoes, on the other hand, are transported in packages, and are generally manufactured goods. Before the advent of containerization in the 1950s, break-bulk items were loaded, lashed, unlashed and unloaded from the ship one piece at a time. However, by grouping cargo into containers, 1,000 to 3,000 cubic feet (28 to 85m3) of cargo, or up to about 64,000 pounds (29,000kg), is moved at once and each container is secured to the ship once in a standardized way. Containerization has increased the efficiency of moving traditional break-bulk cargoes significantly, reducing shipping time by 84% and costs by 35%. In 2001, more than 90% of world trade in non-bulk goods was transported in ISO containers. In 2009, almost one quarter of the world's dry cargo was shipped by container, an estimated 125 million TEU or 1.19 billion metric tons worth of cargo.
In UML, containment is depicted with a multiplicity of 1 or 0..n (depending on the issue of ownership), indicating that the data type is composed of an unknown number of instances of the composited data type.
In OOP supported languages, containership means an object is created within another object.
China’s Hudong Zhonghua shipyard has floated out what it is calling the world’s largest containership based on TEU capacity. The vessel, which is being built for MSC, increases capacity versus a similar vessel built for Evergreen and delivered weeks ago as the world’s largest containership.
Keppel AmFELS has delivered it’s first LNG-powered containership newbuild to Pasha Hawaii... A second vessel the JanetMarie is currently under construction at the yard and the two containerships will be the first LNG-powered vessels to serve the US West Coast ... Pasha Hawaii orders LNG powered containership duo at Keppel AmFELs for $400m.
Construction is underway on the first shore power installation specifically designed to handle containerships ... They pointed out that for a containership to turn off diesel generators usually used for power on board, it requires about as much power as a small city ... Yet only a quarter of all countries’ electrical grids operate on this frequency.
A CMA CGM-operated containership has apparently suffered a container loss while crossing the Indian Ocean although the company is yet to provide details. CMA CGM only acknowledged that the APL Vanda, a 13,892 TEU containership operating between Asia and Northern Europe, had ...